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대한영양사협회> 대한영양사협회 학술지> 서울 일부 고등학생의 카페인 함유식품에 대한 인식 및 섭취 실태

KCI등재

서울 일부 고등학생의 카페인 함유식품에 대한 인식 및 섭취 실태

Awareness and Intake of Caffeine-Containing Foods among High School Students in Seoul

정지혜 ( Ji-Hye Cheong ) , 최경아 ( Kyoung-A Choi ) , 김유미 ( Yu-Mi Kim ) , 김명희 ( Myung-Hee Kim ) , 최미경 ( Mi-Kyeong Choi )
  • : 대한영양사협회
  • : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 179-190(12pages)
대한영양사협회 학술지

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초록 보기

The high caffeine intake by adolescents has been a concern. The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness and consumption of caffeine-containing foods among 443 high school students using a questionnaire. An analysis of the spending patterns of the students’ weekly allowance showed that the amounts spent on purchasing caffeine-containing foods were higher for female students than male students (P<0.001). The scoring of the perception of caffeine was 3.1 out of 5, interest in the caffeine content of food was 2.6, consumption of caffeine-containing foods was 2.6, and usefulness of caffeine-containing foods was 2.7. The awareness of caffeine content in food was significantly higher in females (7.3 out of 11) than male students (6.7) (P<0.01). Approximately 59% of students perceived that the relationship between caffeine-containing foods and health, was harmful, and the experience of side effects after taking caffeine was significantly higher in female students than males. These side effects include heartburn (P<0.001), headache or dizziness (P<0.001), irregular heartbeat (P<0.05), and hands and feet shake (P<0.01). Caffeine-containing foods were purchased at convenience stores (62.1%). The factor considered when purchasing caffeine-containing foods was taste (72.2%), and the use of nutrition labeling for caffeine-containing foods scored 2.0 out of 5 points. When assessing the intake of caffeine-containing foods, the foods consumed more than once a week were in the order of coke, chocolate, chocolate milk, chocolate pie, and chocolate bars. These results suggest that it is necessary to prepare a caffeine-related nutrition guide improvement by sales management, and strengthen food labeling standards for the desirable recognition of caffeine and its safe intake by adolescents.

UCI(KEPA)

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  • : 자연과학분야  > 가정
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 1225-9861
  • : 2383-966X
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1995-2021
  • : 749


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27권4호(2021년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1유치원 유형에 따른 영양(교)사의 필수 업무 및 위임 가능 업무 비교·분석

저자 : 경민숙 ( Min Sook Kyung ) , 신유리 ( Yu Lee Shin ) , 함선옥 ( Sunny Ham )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 209-231 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to compare differences between essential tasks and delegable tasks among public kindergarten dietitians. A survey study was conducted through a self-administered online method from November 18 to December 28, 2019. The survey consisted of essential tasks and delegable tasks, including 6 Duties, 25 Tasks, and 94 Task Elements. The survey was distributed to a sample of 500 kindergartens in Korea, after excluding incomplete surveys and outliers, and a total of 224 responses were used for the analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to compare essential tasks and delegable tasks. The results show that 'Duty A. Nutrition Management', 'Duty B. Foodservice Management Practices', 'Duty C. Hygiene management of kindergarten foodservice', 'Duty D. Nutrition-Diet Education and counseling', and 'Duty F. Professionalism Enhancement' were recognized as essential tasks to be performed by kindergarten dietitians. All 16 tasks elements (100.0%) in 'Duty E. Managing snacks during semesters, and lunch/snack during breaks' were identified as delegable tasks. In conclusion, most tasks were recognized as essential tasks to be performed by kindergarten dietitians. On the other hand, 'Duty E. Managing Snacks during semesters, and lunch/snack during breaks' was considered a delegable task by public-attached kindergarten dietitians. It is recommended that public-attached kindergartens should consider additional workforce related to 'Duty E'. This study is expected to offer basic data on laws and regulations about the duties of kindergarten dietitians.

KCI등재

2노인요양시설 요양보호사의 영양지식과 식사보조수행도

저자 : 김우정 ( Woo Jeong Kim ) , 김다솔 ( Dah-sol Kim ) , 주나미 ( Nami Joo )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 232-247 (16 pages)

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This study attempted to examine the nutrition knowledge of caregivers for the elderly and the diet-related medical treatment and dietary assistance given by them. Thus, this research is a descriptive study focusing on the current nutritional knowledge of caregivers and the dietary assistance given by them. The survey included a questionnaire (nutritional knowledge level of digestive system diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular risk, brain disease, bone disease, and meal assistance performance status) for caregivers working in nursing homes for the elderly. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 235 caregivers between February and March 2020. The results were analyzed using the SPSS 25.0, and the significance test of each question was verified by the Friedman test and the Chi-square independence test. The number of elderly people who needed meal assistance from caregivers was 4.4 more than the average. The most common types of meal assistance were partial assistance (59.20%) and the task of when to stop eating for the elderly (58.71%). Besides, the higher nutritional knowledge level of the caregivers, the more the time spent on services related to meal assistance (P<0.001), and the higher the meal assistance level. The disease state of the elderly was considered the most relevant (P<0.001). Caregivers with high levels of knowledge and offering significant meal assistance were found to have received nutrition education (P<0.001). Up to 80% of the respondents needed nutrition education, and most of them answered that they needed education on appropriate management methods for the specific disease state of the elderly (P<0.01). Accordingly, providing nutrition education for caregivers for the elderly should be a means to improve their ability to offer meal assistance.

KCI등재

3MIND 식단교육을 이용한 치매예방 영양프로그램이 고위험 치매노인의 인지기능 변화에 미치는 영향

저자 : 송재은 ( Jaeeun Song ) , 최성혜 ( Seong Hye Choi ) , 홍창형 ( Chang Hyung Hong ) , 정지향 ( Jee Hyang Jeong ) , 문소영 ( So Young Moon ) , 나해리 ( Hae Ri Na ) , 박희경 ( Hee Kyung Park ) , 박유경 ( Yoo Kyoung Park )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 248-262 (15 pages)

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This study examined the effect of the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet of the Korean multi-domain dementia prevention program on the cognitive functions of the elderly with dementia risk factors. We developed the program including nutrition, exercise, cognitive training, vascular disease prevention, and motivation. One- hundred and fifty-three participants aged 60∼79 years with at least 1 dementia risk factor were randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to the facility-based intervention (FMI), home-based intervention (HMI), and the control group. The nutrition education program consisted of 10 classes over 24 weeks: the FMI received 7 group sessions and three 1:1 sessions, the HMI received 4 group sessions and three 1:1 sessions with 3 homework sessions. The Nutrition Quotient for Elderly (NQ-E) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were used to evaluate nutritional status. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), and the Cognitive Complaint Interview (CCI) were used to evaluate cognitive functions. A total of 136 people completed the program with an 11.1% dropout rate. The NQ-E (P=0.009) and RBANS (P=0.001) scores significantly increased in the FMI (N=45) and HMI (N=49) groups compared to the control group (N=42) after the study. The changes in the score of MNA and CCI did not differ significantly between groups. In conclusion, the nutritional intervention which focused on the MIND diet as a part of a multi-domain intervention program had a positive effect on the improvement of healthy eating habits and cognitive function scores in the high-risk dementia group.

KCI등재

4COVID-19 시대 온라인 수업 날 점심을 스스로 차리는 고등학생의 식생활

저자 : 김예지 ( Yeji Kim ) , 이홍미 ( Hongmie Lee )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 263-275 (13 pages)

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The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the curtailing of school meal services. This study aimed to compare the diets of students attending online classes who prepared their own lunch under these circumstances, with those of their counterparts who had their lunch prepared for them. In December 2020, a survey was conducted on 204 students (75 male and 129 female) at a high school in Gyeonggi-do. The results showed that more girls prepared their own lunch than boys (53.5% vs. 36.0%, respectively, P<0.05). Further, more participants with working mothers prepared their own lunch compared to those with unemployed mothers (60.8% vs. 23.0%, respectively, P<0.001). Lunch was prepared either by parents (47.5%), themselves (47.1%), or others (5.4%). A comparison of the Nutrition Quotient (NQ) was carried out between the subjects who prepared their own lunch and those who ate lunch prepared by their parents. The students who prepared their own lunch had significantly lower total (P<0.05), balance (P<0.01), and environment (P<0.01) sectors of NQ-A than their counterparts. Especially, subjects whose parents prepared their lunch had beanㆍtofuㆍsoy milk more frequently (P<0.01), tended to eat vegetables more frequently (P=0.059), and skipped breakfast less frequently (P<0.01). In conclusion, this study suggested that high school students who have to prepare their own lunch at home during the COVID-19 pandemic are the newly emerging nutritionally vulnerable group. This study may provide the basic information necessary for preparing measures to maintain the diet quality of high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic and similar situations in the future when school meal services may not be available.

KCI등재

5혈중 요소질소와 크레아티닌 비율에 근거한 성인 여자의 탈수 여부에 따른 영양소 섭취 정도와 앉아서 보내는 시간과의 관련성: 2016∼2018년 국민건강영양조사를 이용하여

저자 : 이금선 ( Geum-seon Lee ) , 김선희 ( Sun-hee Kim ) , 채수진 ( Su-jin Chae ) , 윤미은 ( Mi-eun Yun )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 276-292 (17 pages)

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There is a dearth of Korean studies on dehydration, one of the health risks for adult women. This study analyzed the subjects of the 2016∼2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) to investigate the relationship between nutrient intake ratios and sedentary time in dehydrated women. Body mass index and waist circumference in the dehydrated group (DG) were significantly higher than the normal group (NG). Intake of other liquids in the DG was significantly higher than in the NG, but total water intake in the DG was significantly lower than in the NG. Compared to the 600 sedentary minutes or more per day group, the odds ratio of dehydration was significantly higher in the less than 300 sedentary minutes per day group (1.871 [95% CI: 1.579∼2.215], P<0.001). Compared to the drinking over 6.0 cups of water per day group, the odds ratio of dehydration was significantly higher in the 3 cups or fewer per day (OR [95% CI] is 1.198 times [1.019 to 1.408], P<0.05), and 6.0 cups or fewer group (OR [95% CI] is 1.162 times [1.018 to 1.326], P<0.05). The results of this study showed that the total water intake was relatively lower in the ≥600 sedentary minutes per day group compared to the 300 sedentary minutes per day group, making them more vulnerable to dehydration. The nutrient intake ratios were higher in the dehydration group than in the normal group. In conclusion, emphasis should be placed on the importance of hydration and nutrition education for adult women in the workplace.

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KCI등재

1한국 독거노인의 식사패턴에 따른 식사의 질 평가: 2016∼2018 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여

저자 : 윤여진 ( Yeojin Yoon ) , 이영미 ( Youngmi Lee ) , 송경희 ( Kyounghee Song ) , 이유진 ( Yujin Lee )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 133-148 (16 pages)

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This study was undertaken to identify dietary patterns of Korean elderly people living alone, and to compare the quality of diet consumed. Data of 821 elderly people aged 65 years or older who were living alone, was obtained from the 2016∼2018 National Health and Nutrition Survey. The percentage energy intake from 24 food groups was calculated, and a cluster analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns. General characteristics, energy and nutrient intake, nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR), mean adequacy ratio (MAR), and index of nutritional quality (INQ) were analyzed. Dietary variety score (DVS) and dietary diversity score (DDS) were subsequently calculated. The rice-centered diet group and mixed diet group were characterized as consuming higher intake of rice and a wider variety of food groups, respectively. The mean age and percentage of participants living in rural areas were higher, whereas education level and monthly income were lower, in the rice-centered diet group (P<0.001 for all). Intakes of energy and all other nutrients (except carbohydrate and thiamine) were lower in the rice-centered diet group (P<0.001 for all). The NAR for all nutrients (except thiamine), MAR, and INQs (except thiamine and iron) were significantly lower in the rice-centered diet group (P<0.001 for all). The rice-centered diet group had significantly lower DVS (P<0.001) and DDS (P<0.001), as compared with the mixed diet group (P<0.001). Due to the insufficient energy and nutrient intake in the rice-centered diet group, it is necessary to develop nutritional monitoring and customized nutrition policies for these individuals.

KCI등재

2충남 일부지역 고등학생의 성별과 비만도에 따른 영양표시 이용실태

저자 : 강선희 ( Sun-Hee Kang ) , 최미경 ( Mi-Kyeong Choi )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 149-161 (13 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to compare nutrition labeling use according to the gender and obesity degree of adolescents to help choose the healthy foods and improve dietary habits. This study surveyed the perception and use of nutrition labeling among 392 male and female high school students in Chungnam. It was found that 34.7% of the subjects read the nutrition labels, mostly for health reason. Calorie content was read the most among all components of nutrition labels regardless of gender or body mass index (BMI) status, especially among female students. Perception of nutrition labeling was 3.3 out of 5 points for all students, and there was no significant difference in scores between male and female students. However, there was a significant difference between the overweight group (3.4 points), normal group (3.3 points), and underweight group (3.1 points) (P<0.05). The frequency of reading nutrition labels by food group was highest for ramen, and lowest for fruits. Female students had significantly higher scores on the use of nutrition labeling for 8 food groups out of 12 groups compared to male students (P<0.05). In addition, the overweight and above group had significantly higher scores on the use of nutrition labeling for snack food and fruits compared to other groups (P<0.05). The proportion of students who received nutrition labeling education was 29.8%, and about half of students answered that such education and advertisement were necessary. These results suggest that nutritional education is needed to promote the use of nutrition labeling in adolescents.

KCI등재

3서울ㆍ경기지역 일부 중장년 성인의 주관적 건강인지, 식습관 및 건강 관련 습관에 관한 연구

저자 : 박경애 ( Kyung Ae Park ) , 최온정 ( Onjeong Choi ) , 김지원 ( Jiwon Kim ) , 송경희 ( Kyunghee Song )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 162-178 (17 pages)

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The study examined the perceived health status, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyle habits of middle-aged men and women in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do areas. The survey was conducted on 670 individuals (320 men and, 350 women), aged 40∼64 years, in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do areas. The online and written data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 25.0 program. Although there was a significant difference in the perceived health status (P<0.01), there were no significant differences in the subjective stress and the current disease status according to sex. For dietary habits, the scores for fruit intake (P<0.05), meat and fish intake (P<0.05), milk and dairy products intake (P<0.01), and seaweed intake (P<0.05) were higher in women than men. The scores for three-meal eating (P<0.05) and water intake (P<0.01) were higher in men than women. For the health-related habits, alcohol-drinking frequency, daily alcohol consumption, smoking experience, and daily smoking were higher in men than women (P<0.001). In contrast, caffeinated beverage intake, exercise frequency, and daily smart-phone, computer, and TV using time were similar in both sexes. The meal-eating time was faster in men than women (P<0.01). For dietary behavior changes, only appetite showed a significant gender difference (P<0.05). This study provides essential information on the perceived health status, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyle habits in middle-aged men and women. Nevertheless, further research and a practical nutrition program will be needed to solve undesirable dietary habits and improve the health and lifestyle of middle-aged adults according to sex.

KCI등재

4서울 일부 고등학생의 카페인 함유식품에 대한 인식 및 섭취 실태

저자 : 정지혜 ( Ji-Hye Cheong ) , 최경아 ( Kyoung-A Choi ) , 김유미 ( Yu-Mi Kim ) , 김명희 ( Myung-Hee Kim ) , 최미경 ( Mi-Kyeong Choi )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 179-190 (12 pages)

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The high caffeine intake by adolescents has been a concern. The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness and consumption of caffeine-containing foods among 443 high school students using a questionnaire. An analysis of the spending patterns of the students' weekly allowance showed that the amounts spent on purchasing caffeine-containing foods were higher for female students than male students (P<0.001). The scoring of the perception of caffeine was 3.1 out of 5, interest in the caffeine content of food was 2.6, consumption of caffeine-containing foods was 2.6, and usefulness of caffeine-containing foods was 2.7. The awareness of caffeine content in food was significantly higher in females (7.3 out of 11) than male students (6.7) (P<0.01). Approximately 59% of students perceived that the relationship between caffeine-containing foods and health, was harmful, and the experience of side effects after taking caffeine was significantly higher in female students than males. These side effects include heartburn (P<0.001), headache or dizziness (P<0.001), irregular heartbeat (P<0.05), and hands and feet shake (P<0.01). Caffeine-containing foods were purchased at convenience stores (62.1%). The factor considered when purchasing caffeine-containing foods was taste (72.2%), and the use of nutrition labeling for caffeine-containing foods scored 2.0 out of 5 points. When assessing the intake of caffeine-containing foods, the foods consumed more than once a week were in the order of coke, chocolate, chocolate milk, chocolate pie, and chocolate bars. These results suggest that it is necessary to prepare a caffeine-related nutrition guide improvement by sales management, and strengthen food labeling standards for the desirable recognition of caffeine and its safe intake by adolescents.

KCI등재

5민들레 분말의 첨가가 파운드 케이크의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

저자 : 박인덕 ( In-Duck Park )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 191-200 (10 pages)

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This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the addition of Taraxacum coreamm powder (TCP) (1%, 3%, 5%, 7%) on the quality of pound cake. The specific gravity of the pound cake increased, but the pH of the pound cake significantly decreased with the addition of Taraxacum coreamm powder. The weight of the pound cake slightly increased, whereas the volume and specific loaf volume decreased with the addition of TCP. The texture analysis showed that hardness, chewiness, and gumminess were higher with the addition of TCP than in the control group. The L and a value of the pound cake decreased, whereas the b value increased with the addition of TCP. The moisture content and the DPPH radical scavenging activities of the pound cake increased as percentages of TCP significantly increased.

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