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수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~112권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 1,428
군사논단
112권0호(2022년 12월) 수록논문
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저자 : 주은식

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 4-9 (6 pages)

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저자 : 임윤갑 ( Yoonkap Lim )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 13-37 (25 pages)

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According to a study on the characteristics of a country experiencing ongoing internal strife, the country did not have an easy time getting out of the conflict's muck. Since a few years ago, they have noticed an increase in external intervention aimed at rebuilding post-conflict and peacebuilding processes in nations like Afghanistan, Columbia, Somalia, and Syria. However we also observed that the dispute recurred in these processes. After the conflict was over, security, development, and humanitarian issues were surely debated.
The number of conflicts surged during the cold war era and temporarily ended with the fall of the Soviet Union. The UN Security Council made great efforts to intervene and engage in the conflict, and these efforts helped to significantly limit the number of conflicts for 20 years. However, the Arab Spring and die activities of ISIL caused this trend to reverse. The highest point in terms of conflicts occurred in 2020.
The Security Council has banned the use of military force to overthrow governments, and this type of intervention should be distinguished from those made in the aftermath of a conflict. To maintain global peace and security, the UN charter assigns primary responsibility. Although the UN Charter's chapter VI only gives limited authority to peacefully resolve disputes, it makes dear how Chapter VII engages in military action. However, when the Cold War ended, the UN Security Council continued to take action even though there was little to no indication that domestic conflict was escalating. They saw civil war and human rights violations as threats to global peace and security.
In light of this, we should carefully consider the following four factors during the internal conflict transition period. First, the principle should be divided into short-term and long-term interventions since the operational and policy implications can change often before and after a conflict. The transition of conflict will be determined based on how and when it ends, and you will discover the solution as a result Therefore, the intervention starts either in the midst of a fight or after the violence has temporarily stopped. Third, the outcome of the conflict will have significant consequences whether it is resolved militarily or by a peace treaty. The methods of intervention will therefore be chosen in light of the findings.

저자 : 최양선 ( Choi Yangsun )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 38-62 (25 pages)

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The first time the name of the East Sea appears in the history and literature is in B.C. 239 in China. The name Sea of Japan appeared on western map in 1602 after 1,841 years since Korean had been using the name East Sea.
The name of the East Sea was replaced by the Sea of Japan internationally during the period of Japanese colonial rule. The International Hydrographic Bureau was established in 1921, and published S-23(The Limits of Oceans and Seas) in 1929. This S-23 was revised in 1937 and 1953 respectively. After that, without objection, the Sea of Japan is used on most charts and related world maps.
In 1991, South	and North Korea joined the UN and South Korea was able to act as a member of the UN. In 1992 at die 6th UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, the Korean government raised the unfairness of using the name Sea of Japan alone, and In 1994, requested the IHO Secretariat to correct this issue, too. These were the first request for die dual naming issue. In 2020 the IHO Secretary-General decided to introduce a coded unique identifier system instead of a geographical name such as the Sea of Japan as a modernisation plan for S-23, and this decision adopted at the 2nd IHO General Assembly in 2020. It has been 26 years since 1994 when the Korean government raised this issue to the IHO.
The proportion	of using dual naming of the East	Sea and Sea of Japan was about 2.8% worldwide in 2000,however, in 2020, it is understood that this exceeded 40% throughout our 30 years of efforts. Despite the efforts of the Korean government, major countries such as the USA, UK, France, Germany, Russia and China as well as the United Nations Secretariat have used the Sea of Japan exclusively for various reasons, such as it is still a name that is widely used worldwide and difficult to change the practice.
The tasks to overcome these obstacles of the international community are; Setting the final goal of dual naming at 60% on the maps and materials, Promote off-line negotiations of choice and concentration by meeting in person, Setting up an systematic cooperation system with the control tower and relavant organizations, Encourage domestic and international geographical names experts and ordinary Koreans to participate actively in dual naming campaign.

저자 : 정경영 ( Chung Kyung-young )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 63-94 (32 pages)

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On September 8, 2022, North Korea legalized nuclear armament allowing nuclear preemptive strike. North Korea conducted exercise of tactical nuclear warhead's employment, large-scale fighters power projection, missile fire against south of Northern limit Line, along with Interncontinental Ballistic Missile successful experimental fire in the past three months.
Policy recommendations to the ROK-U.S. alliance for comprhensive response strategy against North Korea's nuclear challenge are as follows: revision of Korea Three Pillar Systems consisting strategic striking system, Korea Air Missile Defense and Korea Massive Punishment & Retaliation reinforced by cyber war and poltical war; combat readiness to cope with nuclear war and reinforcement of extended deterrence by consultation with integrated deterrence, emergency redeployment of tactical warheads to the Korean Theater Operations, ROK nuclear armament and North-South Korea nuclear arms control, and linkage strategy between denuclearization and unification process on the Korean peninsula. Finally the study awakens the South Korean people, government, and forces to defend their country for themselves, along with the robost alliance.

저자 : 조현규 ( Cho Hyeon-gyu )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 95-116 (22 pages)

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The A2AD(Anti-Access/Area Denial) strategy has been the name of the U.S. strategy for China's dominance of the Western Pacific region since 2000. China's A2AD strategy is part of military action against the United States and its allies, and if war breaks out in the Taiwan Strait in the future, China is likely to face US or US allies intervening in the battlefield. Therefore, the purpose of the A2AD strategy is to use 'asymmetric operations' to threaten, delay, even deter, and destroy the major virtual enemy the U.S, to check and deter U.S. military intervention in the Western Pacific, and affect its ability to operate if the U.S. intervenes.
As China develops A2AD strategies, the Army is accelerating the transition from 'regional defense to full-scale operation5, the Navy is“from offshore defense to open sea defense', and the Air Force is 'from territorial air defense to combination of attack and defense'.
The 10 steps for China's A2AD are as follows.① Attack the enemy's C4ISR, ② Attacks on enemy military and civilian computer network systems, ③ Electromagnetic pulse attacks on the enemy's electronic facilities, ④ Attack the enemas space satellite system, ⑤ Attack the enemy's logistic support and transport system, ⑥ Attack the U.S. air force base, ⑦ Block specific battlefields and establish no-navigation zones for aircraft and vessels, ⑧ Attack enemy sea routes and naval bases, ⑨ Attack the enemy aircraft carrier, ⑩ Prevents the use of U.S. allies' bases.
The weapons equipment that China will use to carry out the A2AD is as follows. First, there are DF-21D ballistic missile, DF-26 ballistic missile, and DF-17 supersonic ballistic missile possessed by Rocket Forces. Second, the Navy has three aircraft earners, J-15 shipplane, Type 055 cruiser, and Type 052D Aegis destroyer. There are also HQ-9 long-range air defense missile, Type 095 and Type 096 nuclear-powered submarine, JL-3 SLBM and 'Carrier Killer' DF-21D ballistic missile. Third, the Air Force will deploy J-20 stealth aircraft, J-16 fighter, SU-35 fighter, and H-6 bomber.
The U.S. capability of military intervention relied on large-scale water power of the U.S. Navy, represented by aircraft carriers. However, because of its vulnerability to China's A2AD strategy, including anti-ship ballistic missiles, the U.S. proposed the 'Air-Sea Battle'as a countermeasure and later renamed the 'JAM-GC'(Joint Concept for Access and Maneuver in the Global Commons). Meanwhile, the U.S. Army presented a new concept of operation called a 'Multi-Domain Battle' in 2016.
China is expected to continue its efforts to neutralize U.S. hegemony in East Asia through A2AD strategy, while expanding into the Western Pacific In the future, China's march in East Asia, the U.S.-China strategic competition, and the direction of the U.S.-Western checks on China are expected to further spiral the regional competition and security situation.

저자 : 이종영 ( Lee Jongyoung )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 117-141 (25 pages)

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This research report suggested ① the necessity of introduction of K-Mosaic Warfare, ② the concept of operation execution, ③ the development direction of doctrine and unit structure to realize it.
First, it is necessary to introduce a new warfare method that can respond to the North Korean hybrid warfare.
Second, it is necessary to develop the operational concept to achieve superiority in all areas.
Third, the interoperability of the alliance and our strategic value may be re-evaluated depending on whether or not the Mosaic Warfare, which is the US concept of future warfare, is adapted.
The operational concept of the K-Mosaic Warfare ① creates an operational environment for decision-centered warfare based on collaboration between humans and machines, ② quickly combines and recombines small-scale joint forces dispersed in multiple areas, breaking away from the concept or independent operations for each service, ③ It can be summarized as carrying out integrated joint operations in all areas.
First, in the field of doctrine, the K-Mosaic Warfare concept has a status as a new military system, and should play a role in suggesting a new operational doctrine and direction for organizational formation.
Second, in the field of unit structure, the Joint Chiefs of Staff controls up to crisis management and presents the creation of a mosaic joint unit operated as a theater reserve in wartime.

저자 : 배진석 ( Bae Jin-seok ) , 김성환 ( Kim Seong-hwan )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 142-161 (20 pages)

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Russia-Ukraine war shows various examples how technology is changing the nature of war and what effect appears when a new Russian-Ukrainian operational concept is grafted onto technology. In particular, a typical asymmetric warfare in that Ukraine, a weak country, was able to overcome its inferiority by conducting new operations using commercial technology through a combination of an old weapon system and a supported new weapon system despite its inferiority in the quality and quantity of its forces. It can be seen that performed as Toft revealed in his study, weak actors won nearly 30% of all asymmetric warfare over a period of about 200 years, and that the frequency with which weak actors win increased over time is particularly. It is judged that this has great implications for us in terms of changes in war patterns caused by the rapid spread of commercial technology. In this regard, it should be learned that 'North Korea can challenge the old conventional weapons in a different way through a combination of a low-cost weapon system and commercial technology'.

저자 : 임철균 ( Lim Cheul-kyun )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 162-189 (28 pages)

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DPRK has declared the completion of its nuclear force and has been carrying out a series of military innovations since then. Already in 2020 and 2021, through two military parades and one defense exhibition, the results of military innovation at home and abroad have been declared, shocking not only Korea but also the world. Such a move by North Korea, which has deviated from the basic principles it has been pursuing, is a moment that requires a new evaluation of NK's military strategy and military innovation. This study examines the outcome of NK's military innovation by examining the innovation of ground forces and strategic forces, and examines the historical background and necessity of implementing the 1st and 2nd offset strategies among the US military innovations, a case of repeated global military innovations. By classifying four independent variables, comparison with NK's military innovation, similarities and differences were examined. Since NK's military innovation is mostly similar to that of die US, NK's military strategy can be viewed as an offsetting strategy for NK. However, unlike the United States, the United States at the time of the second offset strategy and the present NK are in an ironic situation where NK has an overwhelming advantage in nuclear power with the enemy, South Korea, but is in a starring inferiority to the extended deterrence of the ROK-U.S. alliance. Therefore, this difference was analyzed as a determinant of how NK's military strategy in the second nuclear era differs from the strategy in the first nuclear era centered on major powers.

저자 : 김한수 ( Kim Han-su )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 190-208 (19 pages)

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Various means to effectively detect and destroy ground combat vehicles continue to develop, and the interest and importance of stealth technology to counter these threats are increasing. In the text, we would like to examine threats to ground combat vehicles and present the direction of combat platform development by applying stealth technology based on this. Setting an appropriate level of stealth capability is required first to develop and develop a future stealth combat platform, and efforts should be made to continuously develop new stealth-related materials, accumulate technology, and develop application technologies that can be applied to various platforms. In the future battlefield, the “Stealth Combat Platform” will operate as a key force for the Army, and we hope more research on related technologies will be conducted.

저자 : 이훈 ( Lee Hun )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 112권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 209-240 (32 pages)

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Mission Command, Which was born in the Prussian army in the early 19th century and was inherited and developed by the German army, is a general military idea and Command method based on the mission, it can be said “a command ice method in which a senior has wide freedom in performing his mission within the commander's intention, and the doctrine, leadership, that it is a comprehensive concept including Operation, education and training, and is a holistic command thought rooted in the german military.”
The Army Rok defense and applies mission command as a concentration method of command control that leads the changing situation by strengthening the delegation of decision-making authority and decentralization in subordinate units through the 'Army's command philosophy'.
This is Germany, which fest developed mission command, It is expressing its willingness to apple it wider and deeper than the United States, which is currently actively encouraging mission command.
This study was conducted during the Korea War (1950. 6. 25.~1953. 7. 27.) Excavated cases in which the concept of mission command was applied (considering the situation in which the concept of mission command was insufficient at the time).
By analyzing it, it is to promote an in-depth understanding of mission command and develop practical educational methods to contribute to the application and development of mission command of the Army.

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